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Batman

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BATMAN

 
Area: 4.654 km²
 
Population:406.000 (1997)
 
Traffic Code: 72
 
Batman province and the ancient city of Hasankeyf is founded on the land where Dicle River flows and was able to protect its rich historical background and these cities are the wonders of the nature with their historical monuments and caves exceeding a thousand in number. 
 
Districts : Beşiri, Gercüş, Hasankeyf, Kozluk and Sason.
 
 How to Get
 
Highway There are bus journeys from each province of Turkey.
 
Air Transportation The air journeys from Batman to the cities of  Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir.
                                Telephone of the Airport:(+90-488) 213 91 49
 
 Where to Visit
 
HASANKEYF
 
Being adjacent to the Dicle River, Hasankeyf with its madrasas, observatory, health asylum and other educational organisations was the science and culture centre of the region in past.
 
The district, due to its historical assets, has been declared as a natural conservation area since 1981. These historical assets will probably have been under water due to Ilısu Dam in the scope of GAP project in time. Therefore, the rescue excavations for movable historical and archaeological works of art are still being carried on.
 
History
 
The foundation date of Hasankeyf is not known exactly. The geopolitical situation in the city strengthens the possibility of its being a very ancient settlement area. There are lots of caverns some of which are being used even today as residences. In the Christian Era, Hasankeyf experienced the rule of the Sasanis and Byzantines. Due to a safe castle having been built by the Byzantines in 4th century BC, the region had been defended by them for a long time. Hasankeyf was conquered by the Emevis in 639 AD. Later on, the Abbasids, Hamdanis, Mervanis, Artuks, Eyyubis and Ottomans ruled the region respectively. The Artuks period was the golden era of Hasankeyf. There are many historical works remaining from this period.
 
Climate
 
Dicle River, which gives life to the region, also effects its climate. It makes winter much more temperate. Average temperature is 25° C, and highest average temperature varies between 40 - 43° C, and lowest average temperature varies between 6 - 8° C.
 
 How to Get
 
For arriving to Hasankeyf, one can go to Midyat first from Mardin via minibus, and then to Hasankeyf via minibus again.
 
 Where to Visit
 
DESTINATIONS
 
HasankeyfCastle
 
According to the historical records, it was built by the Byzantines in the middle of the 4th century. In the following periods, the castle was the most important settlement place of the region due to its safety characteristic. Besides hundreds of residences, there are also historical pieces of art such as Big Palace, Small Palace and Ulu Mosque in the castle.
 
Castle Door
It is at the beginning of the stairs on the east side, leading to the castle. Due to the inscriptions on the door, it is understood that it belongs to the Eyyubis.  Other door in the upper part of the road has been partially collapsed.
Bridge
 
It is the biggest stone bridge of the Middle Ages. It is not known for certain but it is said that the bridge was built by the Artuks in 12th century.
 
Big Palace
 
The Palace is under subsidence on the north side of the castle. It is not known definitely when and by whom this palace was built due to the lack of inscription in the palace, but it is supposed to be of the Artuk art because of its characteristics.
 
Ulu Mosque within the Castle:
 
It was built over the remains of an ancient construction during Eyyubi Era in the first period of 14th century. From the inscriptions on the Mosque, it is understood that it was repaired, and underwent some changes in the following periods.
 
El-Rızk Mosque
 
It was built by Eyyubi Sultan Süleyman in 1409, but only its minaret and north face where portal door took place have partly survived up to the present. The inscriptions on the minaret and the portal door, vegetal ornaments and minaret with double-way access are the charming characteristics of the Mosque.
 
Koç Mosque
 
It is supposed that the mosque belongs to the Eyyubis. Due to the remains of the buildings around the mosque, it is believed that the mosque is within a külliye (a complex of buildings consisting of madrasa, soup kitchen (imaret), library, hospital, etc.)
 
Kızlar Mosque
 
It is in the east of Koç Mosque. Being used as a mosque today, it was a monumental tomb in past. The ruins of the tombs have survived to the present day.
 
Tombs:
 
The tombs in Hasankeyf are İmam Abdullah Tomb and Zeynel Bey Tomb.
 
Zeynelbey Tomb:
 
Akkoyunlular Principality had this tomb built. The cylindrical main part of the tomb was covered with turquoise and dark blue tiles, which formed belts. On these belts, the names of ‘God, Muhammed and Ali’ was written quite aesthetically. It is one of the beautiful examples among the tombs which have the similar characteristics in Anatolia.
 
 Links
 
Governorship of Hasankeyf         http://www.hasankeyf.gov.tr/
 
HUNTING TOURISM
 
The mostly encountered hunting animals in the city are rabbit, partridge, quail, toy bird, planked dove, wild duck, goose, water sable, marten and badger. Beside these animals, it is possible to hunt mountain sheep in Raman mountain and, mountain goat in Kozluk - Sason districts.
 
 
 Geography
 
The dominant climate in Batman is terrestrial climate. The summer seasons are hot and dry while the winter seasons are cold and precipitant in the region.
 
 History
 
Batman was once a village called İluh. In 1937, İluh village had become a sub-district. His name was changed in 1950 and began to be called as Batman because of the Batman Creek flowing in the vicinity. Batman was connected to the province of Siirt as a district in 1957 and later in 1990, became a Province.
 
 Where to Eat
 
Meat meals with abundant fat amount, pastries, soups peculiar to the region, tandır (oven made as a hole in the earth) bread cooked in the mud ovens named tiftik kıçıl and taş ekmeği (hard bread) Hevra are among the delicious food varieties of the region.
 
 What To Buy
 
Among the souvenirs of the region, you can find woven, bright silk and silver embroidered cloths, pinking, laceworks, and kanaviçe (canvas for embroidering) embroideries, wool booties, wool socks in various colors and local patterns.
 
 Sites
 
Registered Immobile Cultural and Natural Heritages in Batman
 
Sites
 
Archaeological Sites: 6
Urban Sites: - Natural Sites: -
Historical Sites: -
Total: 6
Cultural (at Single Construction Scale) and Natural
 Heritages: 30
 
TOTAL: 36
 
 Contact Information
 
Provincial Cultural Directorate
Tel: (488) 213 90 84 - 43
Fax: (488) 213 90 82
 
Cultural Centers
A hall for conferences and concert with 300 seating capacity 160 m² Exhibition Hall 300 m² Library 4 Art Workshops
 
Contact Address: Ziya Gökalp Cad. Mah. 1712 Sok.
No: 10 - Batman
Tel: (488) 213 30 21
 
Governorship : (+90-488) 213 10 01
Municipality : (+90-488) 213 27 59
Hospital : (+90-488) 213 89 24
Police : (+90-488) 213 28 55
Gendarme : (+90-488) 341 25 01 - 411 24 80
Provincial Directorate : (+90-488) 212 07 18
Tourism Information Office : (+90-488) 212 07 18

 





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