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MUŞ

 

Area: 8.196 km²
 
Population: 736.543 (1990)
 
Traffic Code: 49
 
The Province of Muş is located at the Easter Anatolian Region and the province is famous with its cultural creations and lakes.
 
Districts: Muş (center), Bulanık, Hasköy, Kotkut, Malazgirt, Varto.
 
 How to Get
 
Highway : The bus station is located at 2 km distance from the city center and it is possible to reach to the bus station with shared taxis.
 
Telephone of the Bus Station: (+ 90 - 436) 212 18 01 - 311 23 53
 
Railway : The bus station is located at 3 km distance from the city center and it is possible to reach to the bus station with shared taxis.
 
Telephone of the Railway Station: (+ 90 - 436) 216 11 17
 
Air Transportation : The Muş Airport is located at 16 km distance to the city center and reaching to the airport is executed via the Muş Valley Service vehicles.
 
Telephone of the Airport : (+ 90 - 436) 217 00 84 - 217 00 85
 
 Where to Visit
 
ANCIENT CITIES
 
Kayalıdere Ancient city (CastleCity) : The ancient city is located inside the borders of the Kayalıkaya village which is 40 km. to the Muş city center and 20 km. to the Varto district. The ancient city is a settlement of Urartu civilization. The ruins of the Castle, Temple, Wine Cellar, Burial Grounds and small findings had been discovered at the official excavations executed in 1965. The construction date of the castle was assumed to be from the Urartu King II. Sarduri period (BC 735 - 764) and is still mostly intact. The temple has a stone floored courtyard and a bronze statue of a lion in sitting position dated BC VII. Century, buttons, arrowheads, bronze pins and arch pieces depicting lion hunt had been discovered at the city.
 
RELIGIOUS MONUMENTS
 
Ulu Mosque : The Mosque is located at the center of the Muş province and it was constructed in the year 979 by Şeyh Muhammed-i Magrubi.
 
Hacı Şeref Mosque : The Mosque is located at the center of the Muş province inside the Arslanlı Inn and was constructed in the year 1318 by Abdulhamit Han.
 
Alaaddin Paşa Mosque : The Mosque is located at the center of the Muş province and was constructed in the year 1700 by the governor of the province Alaaddin Bey.
 
Church with Bell (Surp Garabet) : The church is located at the Upper Yongalı Village of Yaygın borough of Muş province. The church was used as a "temple of fire" at the first construction period. The church was opened for the worship of Christians in the year 399 by Sasani civilization reigning the region after the period of Romans. The church lies in ruins nowadays. The church was frequently visited by foreign tourists after 1990.
 
 
Arak Monastery : The monastery is located at the Kepenek village of Muş Province. It was assumed that the monastery was constructed by Sasani civilization in 499. It was used as a The church - monastery and a shopping mall. The monastery now lies in ruins.
 
Meryem Ana (Mother Marian) : Church The church is located at the city center of Muş province. The exact construction date is not clearly known. Only the upper ceiling of the church had been collapsed and is open for visit.
 
MOUSOLEUMS
 
The major mausoleums present in the province could be counted as Kesik Baş Mausoleum, Ibrahim Samidi (Zerzemi) Mausoleum, Şeyh Halil and Şeyh Mustafa Mausoleum, Saint Şeyh Ibrahim Mausoleum and Şeyh Ömer Sahubi Mausoleum.
 
LAKES
 
Haçlı (Kazan) Lake : The lake is located to the southeast of the Bulanık district and the waters of the lakes are mostly muddy. Various fresh water fish, mainly carp could be found in the waters of the lake.
 
Akdogan Lakes (Great and Small Hamurpet) : The great Akdoğan lake is located to the east of Varto district center and has a surface area of approximately 11 km². The fresh water fish like carp and trout could be founded in the lake. The surrounding area of the lake hosts hunting animals like beaver, wild duck and crane.
 
Kaz (Gaz) (Goose) Lake : This small lake is located at the northeast section of the Aktuzla locality of Malazgirt district and is a carstic lake.
 
ORNITHOLOGY AREAS
 
Haçlı Lake
 
City : Muş
Provinces : Bulanık
Surface Area : 2500
Altitude : 1600 m
Protection : N/A
 
Bird Species : It gains important bird areas status with kaşıkçı (10 pairs) and boz ördek (10 pairs) population.
 
Main Characteristics : Sweet water lake
 
Matched category: A4i, B1i, B2
 
Bulanık Plain
 
City : Muş
Provinces : Bulanık
Surface Area : 8000
Altitude : 1460 m
Protection : N/A
 
Bird Species : It gains important bird areas status with küçük karabatak (10 pairs), turna (10 pairs), gülen sumru (300 pairs) and hazar sumrusu populations.
 
Main Characteristics : Plateau, steppe
 
Matched category: A1, A4i, B1i, B2
 
 Geography
 
The province of Muş, is generally under the dominance of the severe terrestrial climate of Eastern Anatolia.
 
 History
 
The foundation of the city extends to ancient ages and the province of Muş had been under the reign of Urartu, Median, Persian, Byzantine, Sasani civilizations. The province of Muş had entered under the reign of Turkish civilizations following the 1071 Malazgirt Battle, had been under the dominance of Seljukian and Anatolian states for years and had entered under the reign of Ottoman Empire after the 1515 Çaldıran Battle.
 
 Where to Eat
 
Tourism Facilities Data Base Updating Project is still in progress.Upon the end of the current process some of the shortcomings related to Tourism facilities and regarding information will be removed.
 
 What to Buy
 
The authentic souvenirs of the region could be counted as pinking, lacework and bead crafts, carpet, pileless carpet and blanket textile crafts.
 
 Don't Leave Without
 
- Visiting the Park of Muş Castle, Esenlik Mosque, Ulu Mosque, Yıldızlı Mosque, Murat Paşa Bridge, Çengilli Church, Arak Monastery;
 
- Tasting local food varieties like Muş köftesi (meat balls), lahana dolması (stuffed cabbage), çorti meal and keskek;
 
- Buying authentic souvenirs of the region as; pinking, lacework and bead crafts, carpet, pileless carpet and blanket textile crafts
 
 Sites
 
Registered Immobile Cultural and Natural Heritages in Muş
 
Sites Archaeological Sites: 12
Urban Sites: 1
Natural Sites: -
Historical Sites: 1
Total: 14
Cultural (at Single Construction Scale) and Natural Heritages: 46
 
TOTAL: 60
 
 Contact Information
 
Governorship : (+90-436) 212 10 01 - 212 10 02
 
Municipality : (+90-436) 212 12 81- 212 10 05
 
Hospital : (+90-436) 212 10 43
 
Police : (+90-436) 216 10 25 - 216 10 26 - 216 10 27
 
Gendarme : (+90-436) 311 24 37
 
Provincial Directorate : (+90-436) 212 38 49
 
Provincial Cultural Directorate
 
Tel: (436) 212 16 91 Fax: (436) 212 51 03
 




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